3000-2500 BC

Breast Cancer has been described as far back as 3000 BC in the papyrus writings of ancient Egyptians.

Egyptian Restoration Surgery History
Huang Di, the Yellow Emperor

2600 BC

Huang Di, the Yellow Emperor, was born in 2698 BCE and subsequently wrote the Nei Jing, the oldest treatise of medicine, which gives the first description of tumors and documents five forms of therapy: spiritual care, pharmacology, diet, acupuncture, and the treatment of specific diseases.

1757

In 1757, Henri Le Dran, a leading French physician suggested that surgical removal of the tumor could help treat breast cancer, as long as infected lymph nodes of the armpits were removed.

Henri Le Dran French Physician
Breast_Form_1874Cox.jpg

1874

In 1874 the US Patent Office issued its first patent for a "breast pad" to Fredrick Cox. Cox’s invention introduced the basic elements of the breast form, a casing filled with an artificial material to substitute for breast tissue.

1882

1898

marieandpierre.jpeg

Marie & Pierre Curie discover the radioactive elements radium & polonium. 
 

While radium is no longer used to treat cancer, it helped pave the way for both diagnosis & treatment of modern day cancers. 
 

1895

Dr. Vincenz Czerny makes the first true attempt at breast reconstructive surgery in Germany.

czernyimage.jpeg
Vincent_Czerny_2.jpeg

William Halsted performs the first radical mastectomy. 

Screen Shot 2021-06-28 at 3.15.44 PM.png
geoffrey-keynes-national-library-of-medicine.jpg

1932

David H. Patey develops the modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer. This surgical procedure is less disfiguring than the radical mastectomy and eventually replaces it as the standard surgical treatment for breast cancer.

PateyMethod.jpeg
DavidPatey.jpeg

1937

Legislation signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt establishes the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

Sir Geoffrey Keynes describes the treatment of breast cancer with breast-sparing surgery followed by radiation therapy. After surgery to remove the tumor, long needles containing radium are inserted throughout the affected breast and near the adjacent axillary lymph nodes.

Charles-B-Huggins-work-laboratory-University-of-1965.jpg

1952

In 1952 Charles Huggins began removing a woman’s adrenal gland (adrenalectomy) in an effort to starve the tumor of estrogen. 

1971

1960's

In the 1960s, Thomas Dillon Cronin and Frank Judson Gerow, two US plastic surgeons collaborated with 

Dow Corning to create the Cronin-Gerow implant, which was a silicone rubber envelope, shaped like a teardrop, and filled with viscous silicone gel. 

On December 23, President Richard M. Nixon signs the National Cancer Act, which authorizes the NCI Director to coordinate all activities of the National Cancer Program, establish national cancer research centers, and establish national cancer control programs.

RN-Signs-National-Cancer-Act-of-1971.jpg

1980's

Originally developed in the 1980's by Dr. Carl R. Hartrampf, a TRAM flap procedure involves moving a small amount of the patient's abdominal tissue, including fat and muscle, to the chest, where it can then be used to rebuild the breast mound.

1985

Results from an NCI-supported clinical trial show that women with early-stage breast cancer who were treated with breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy) followed by whole-breast radiation therapy had similar rates of overall survival and disease-free survival as women who were treated with mastectomy alone.

1994

The DIEP (deep inferior epigastric perforators) flap reconstruction procedure is similar to the muscle-sparing free TRAM flap procedure, but it only requires the removal of skin and fat. Robert J. Allen, M.D., is the pioneer of the muscle sparing DIEP/SIEA/S-GAP/I-GAP perforator flaps .

1998

The Women's Health and Cancer Rights Act treatment of modern day cancers.

(WHCRA) signed on October 21, 1998 requires most group insurance plans that cover mastectomies to also cover breast reconstruction.

1585003685-dr-robert-j-allen.jpg

2005

The introduction of  Acellular Dermal Matrix (ADM) has provided surgeons with alternative means of obtaining sufficient vascularized soft tissue to cover the implant, thereby alleviating some complications. Breuing first reported the use of human acellular dermis in implant-based breast reconstruction in 2005.

2010

The Affordable Care Act has required all new health insurance plans to cover screening mammograms every 1 - 2 years for women ages 40 or older with no out of pocket cost.

2011

Large meta analysis finds that radiation therapy significantly reduces the risk of breast cancer reoccurrence and mortality. Also in 2011 FDA approves 3D mammograms.

digital-mammography-500x500.jpg

2013

The four major subtypes of breast cancer are defined as HR+/HER2 (“luminal A”), HR-/HER2 (“triple negative”), HR+/HER2+ (“luminal B”), and HR-/HER2+ (“HER2-enriched”).

Obama.jpeg

2015

December 18, 2015, President Obama signed the Breast Cancer Patient Education Act which mandates the implementation of an educational campaign for patients and health providers about the availability and coverage of breast reconstruction and other post-mastectomy alternatives.

2016

2016 was a big year in cancer research. In July The National Cancer Institute funded $12 million for research on how genetic and biological factors contribute to breast cancer risk among black people. Later that year the Cancer Moonshot initiative was given $1.8 B funding towards research, diagnosis and treatments among cancer patients.

2020

crisprtechnique.webp

2019

First clinical trials greenlighted to test CRISPR/CAS9 against cancer cells. Inserting genetically engineered proteins to replace cancerous cells.

There have been many advancements in breast forms over the last few years. The latest advancements have an integrated air chamber that allows you to adjust sizing to create a symmetrical shape to fit every unique woman's needs as well as having a 25% to 40% lighter form and temperature-equalising technology to maintain a woman's ideal body temperature.